Mahatma Jyotirao Govindrao Phule wrote 16 books that contributed to the social awakening of the dontrodden masses who were subject to the. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule School. Started school years before independence. The ‘caste discrimination’ incident had a great impact on his. Jyotiba Phule was a 19th century social reformer who was a pioneer of women’s education in India. This biography of Jyotiba Phule provides.

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They even thrashed them. On 28 November,the great social reformer, Mahatma Jyotirao Phule, passed away. He opened his home to people from all castes and backgrounds. Hence there is insufficient proof to substantiate the theory that Brahmin domination resulted from the clash between different races or the natives and the foreigners.

Discoveries, Missionary Expansion kyotirao Asian Cultures.

They blamed him for vitiating the norms and regulations of the society. He turned his attention to other social evils. Phule recast the prevailing Aryan invasion jyotlrao of history, proposing that the Aryan conquerors of India, whom the theory’s proponents considered to be racially superior, were in fact barbaric suppressors of the indigenous people.

Mahatma Phuleas he was also known, was an Indian social reformer and an activist who worked towards equality regardless of caste. II, published by Education department, Govt.

Remembering Jyotirao Phule: The Pioneer Of Girls’ Education In India

As was customary, he was married young, at the age of 13, to a girl of his own community, chosen by his father. Around his time, society was a patriarchal and the position of women was especially abysmal. He is credited with introducing the Marathi word dalit as a descriptor for those people who were outside the traditional caste system.

While other reformers concentrated more on reforming the social institutions of family and marriage with special emphasis on the status and right of women, Jyotiba Phule revolted against the unjust caste system under which millions of people had suffered for centuries and developed a critique of Jyohirao social order and Hinduism.


His mother died when Jyotiba was just nine months jyottirao. He was married at the age of 13 to Savitribai Phule. He and his wife Savitrirao Phule battled for phuule education of girl students and opened a school in Mahatma Phule inspired B.

His health worsened over the next couple of years and he died in Novembersurrounded by family and friends. Phule considered the Aryans as a barbaric race who suppressed the indigenous people and instituted the caste system as a framework for subjugation and ensure the pre-eminence of the Brahmins.

The drinking water tank in his house was thrown open to untouchables. The Brahmins in Maharashtra and jyktirao south India believed that there were only two castes—the Brahmins and the Sudras.

Caste discrimination is practised to the hilt. In he styled himself as a merchant, cultivator and municipal contractor. Shetiba moved himself and his family, including three boys, to Poona phhle search of some form of income.

Jyotirao Govindrao Phule [a] 11 April jyotrao 28 November was an Indian social activist, a thinkeranti-caste social reformer and a writer from Maharashtra.

Phule’s akhandas were organically linked to the abhangs of Marathi Varkari saint Tukaram. His participation in the marriage procession was not liked by his friend’s parents and he was rebuked for doing so since he belonged to a lower caste.

Knowing that he belonged to inferior caste, the relatives of the bridegroom insulted and abused him. His father, Govindrao was a vegetable-vendor at Poona. An intelligent and idealistic man, he refused to tolerate any unjustified behavior from others and set his mind on reforming the society for the better.

While in school he read the biographies of Shivaji and George Washington which inspired him. Jyotirao attacked the orthodox Brahmins and other upper castes and termed them as “hypocrites”. Rammohun Roy stressed on prayer while Jotirao emphasised on the importance of truth. On 24 SeptemberPhule, along with his followers, formed the Satyashodhak Samaj Society of Seekers of Truth to attain equal rights for people from lower castes.


This story could be reconstructed from the stories related in the Srutis, Smritis and Puranas. The turning point in his life was inwhen he attended the wedding of a Brahmin friend.

KatgunSatara DistrictMaharashtraIndia. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikisource.

Jyotiba Phule Biography – Childhood, Facts & Life Achievements

He was also a cultivator and contractor for the Municipal Corporation. He and his wife, Savitribai Phulewere pioneers of women education in India. He began educating his wife at home. Jotirao has described, in his book Gulamgiri, the mental slavery of the non-Brahmin masses: He is regarded as the father of Indian social revolution.

Jyotirao Phule

Even before the book was completed, he had expressed his views in public meetings and through pamphlets and booklets. Jotiba ventures to build up a detailed history from the stories. Archived from the original on 11 March The non-Brahmin masses in the villages, especially the farmers, cannot avail of education. The school started by him along with his wife Savitrirao initited a new wave of social reforms during the colonial times. Ostracised for this by their family and community, their friend Usman Sheikh and his sister Fatima Sheikh provided them their home to stay.

InJyotiba established a girls’ school and asked his wife to teach the girls in the school. His wife fully supported his idealistic views and became a feminist and social activist in her own right.

He always practiced what he preached. The remaining castes came between the two extremes of pure and impure. He died at the age of 63 on November 28,