John Wansbrough, SOAS University of London, History Department, Alumnus. Studies History, Semitic languages, and Comparative Semitic Linguistics. It seems that the most radical assessment was demonstrated by John Wansbrough in his exceptional works, Quranic Studies: Sources and. To launch into a discussion of John Wansbrough and his ideas is a daunting Wansbrough’s ideas deeply must be equipped with several languages in addi.

Author: Nilabar Gorg
Country: Guinea
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Education
Published (Last): 11 February 2013
Pages: 377
PDF File Size: 11.15 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.50 Mb
ISBN: 883-2-40761-570-4
Downloads: 55428
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gusida

Medina has never been conquered by non-Muslims and has been inhabited by Muslims continuously for the last 1, years. Accordingly I will not attempt to condense the book. The comments received while that facility was in use have been preserved as the image below. Retrofitting a composed Quran into Jphn civilisation?

wansrbough In the Muslim exegetical literature the latter were explained, or evaded, by reference to the chronology of revelation, by means of which unmistakable repetition in the Quranic text could be justified.

Wansbrough appears to have preconceived views regarding how the Quran should be written and what it should say if it is going to “develop, most of the themes traditionally associated with literature of prophetical expression”. It is much easier to accept that when Arabs exploded out of Arabia and conquered territories to the West, the North and the East that they took with wansbrlugh their existing religious beliefs and their memorised religious book than to accept that a Quran composed years later in Mesopotamia could then be foisted upon everyone and passed off jihn having originated years earlier.

However he also ignores all other historical information as no historical facts are cited anywhere in the book. Unlike the minutiae to be gained from variae lectiones ,[variant readings] analysis of variant traditions will not support the theory of an Urtext [original text] nor even that of a composite edition produced by deliberations in committee, both of which may, not surprisingly, be traced to Rabbinic Vorlagen [prior texts].

Similarly the location where the battle of Uhud took place, and where the Muslim fallen are buried, has been known continuously from the time wansbbrough the battle until now. There is a good deal of uncertainty as to what we do mean here by ‘the Quran. This line of research was investigated in Egypt by Nasr Abu Zayd but he was expelled from Egypt because of his conclusions about the Qur’an.

Wansbrough proceeds to illustrate his point with a large number of detailed and minutely analysed references which are not easy to summarise and which should be read in the original book. By variants he appears to mean multiple versions of the same story within the text of the Quran. The environment wwnsbrough stable, with people living continuously in the same place essentially undisturbed.


In Rippin’s view modern Quran scholarship began with Abraham Geiger’s essay originally written in Latin and then published in German as “Was hat Mohammed aus dem Judenthume aufgenommen? The Mutazilite supporters of the view that the Quran was created by God had enforced their views aided by the political authority of the caliph, especially Mamun Al Rashiduntil a later caliph sided with the opposing view.

That this is not merely a negative inference from the absence of an explicit connection of the sort established between the Christian and Hebrew scriptures ought to be clear from an examination of the Quranic forms themselves, which reflect, but do not develop, most of the themes traditionally associated with literature of prophetical expression.

Translating John Wansbrough…into English | International Qur’anic Studies Association

An illustration is Surat Yusuf, often cited as a single instance of complete and sustained narrative in the Quran. Even if you are not registered on any of these, you can still post a comment.

Wansbrough began studying early Islamic manuscripts and the Quran. It defies common sense that at some point in time someone would have been able to “plant” three spurious graves in Medina and convince the citizens that these graves had always been there.

But is it worth the effort to do so?

John Wansbrough

However leaving aside what I believe as a matter of faith, I have a number of criticisms of Wansbrough’s approach and his conclusions. These are the most likely historical facts, regardless of whether or not one believes that Muhammad pbuh was divinely inspired.

Views Read Edit View history. Retrieved from ” https: The Quran is a text which many people memorise, and in a society where writing was little used one would expect even more memorisation. Since there were Jews to the north of the Hijaz and Jews to the south of the Hijaz, I do not understand why Wansbrough regards it as incredible that there were Jews in the Hijaz!

Each subdiscipline of biblical studies has its own set of ‘classics. To this effect William Graham writes: The Quran was composed by Muhammad pbuh himself who falsely claimed that it had come from God or who may have genuinely but incorrectly believed that it came from God. There was a whole body of stories, known as the Israiliyat in Arabic, known at that time from which Muhammad pbuh took the themes in the Quran. Although these exegetical works were known to exist, having faithfully being catalogued by Sezginno scholar had actually read them and tried to make coherent sense of the material.


The USA has been inhabited continuously from until now, with many families still living in the same areas they lived in then. The non-Muslim view The Quran was composed by Muhammad pbuh himself who falsely claimed that it had come from God or who may have genuinely but incorrectly believed that it came from God. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The incompatibility of Islamic and Jewish sources was only partially neutralised, but the tyranny of the ‘Hijazi origins of Islam’ fully demonstrated, by insistence upon a major Jewish immigration into central Arabia.

Both formally and conceptually, Muslim scripture drew upon a traditional stock of monotheistic imagery, which may be described as schemata of revelation.

The historical value of Muslim scripture lies, it seems to me, not in its role as source for the biography of Muhammad, but rather as source for the concepts eventually applied to composition of the Muslim theology of prophethood.

Rather than looking at secondary sources, I decided to read the original book in which Wansbrough set out his views. Wansbrough was born in Peoria, Illinois.

This radical view is much more challenging to a Muslim than the standard non-Muslim view. But the variant traditions are present in such quantity as to deserve some attention in a description of the process by which revelation became canon. In Geiger submitted a contest entry written in Latin to the Wannsbrough of Bonn that was wansbfough the following year in German under the title Was hat Mo- hammed aus dem Judenthume aufgenommen?

He is aware that Muslims consider that the Quran fulfills and completes the wansbrouhg revelations. The haggadic literary devices were many and varied. While that role was never neglected, it would be more realistic to suppose that the qualities of inimitability and eternity were formulated in the attempt to secure a position within the Muslim community for the document of revelation.